This symptom is known to each of us. However, it can remind about yourself rare, after applying some special food. It happens that our stomach is not like the same sweet pepper, garlic, onions, etc. However, heartburn may indicate the presence of the disease. What is it and do I need something to do, says Professor of the Department of gastroenterology and nutrition of the Belarusian medical Academy of postgraduate education, doctor of medical Sciences Julia GARGON.
This symptom is known as heartburn
long considered a symptom of the disease is of the stomach associated with the presence of erosion and inflammation of the gastric mucosa, peptic ulcer disease, but in recent decades, it is perceived as a symptom of the disease of the esophagus. We are talking about gastroezofagealny refluxna disease, dysfunction of the lower sphincter stravovanie. Between the esophagus and the stomach is a valve that opens, food passes below and closes so the food does not come back. This valve creates a kind of barrier between the stomach where the acidic environment, and esophagus, where the environment is neutral or slaboshchelocnam. The word “reflux” means “throw” — because of the wrong operation, stomach contents can zakaz into the esophagus. May not close or the closing is insufficient, or revealed more than necessary.Each heartburn means followed by casting into the esophagus, but understand that this is not the only reaction to a product and the disease? All right, the valve between the esophagus and the stomach periodically manifests itself even when we do not use food. Thus the gastric juice can get into the esophagus, but a healthy person does not feel, because the esophagus has its own protective mechanism.
Once out of the stomach
with food in it got the acid produces mucus, increases the amount of saliva increases peristalsis of the intestine, and all this will neutralize the acid, sends the contents back into the stomach. If these rasslablenno very frequent or valve in General is still a bit priotkryta, our esophagus begins to suffer. And even in a very strong degree if the patient is dual-reflux, where the esophagus enters not only salt, but also the bile acid. First, the bile released from the duodenum into the stomach, and then all together with gastric juice enters the esophagus. Irritation of the esophagus these components leads to the fact that heartburn is the feeling of “burning” in the chest. If heartburn begins to disturb, violate health or is there more like twice a week, makes a diagnosis gastroezofagealna refluxna a disease that has three forms. It nerana when the esophageal mucosa is not violated during the inspection nothing was found, however, a person feels heartburn, a sour or bitter taste in the mouth, even sometimes cough, splashtastic voices, seizures, asthma, damage to dental enamel… the Second form — arena if during the endoscopy the doctor sees redness of the mucous membrane, some drawbacks. The third form is called the esophagus Barreto.